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Jonathan

The Bible

Bible Usage:

Dictionaries:

  • Included in Eastons: Yes
  • Included in Hitchcocks: Yes
  • Included in Naves: Yes
  • Included in Smiths: Yes
  • Included in Websters: No
  • Included in Strongs: Yes
  • Included in Thayers: No
  • Included in BDB: Yes

Strongs Concordance:

 

Easton's Bible Dictionary
Jonathan

Whom Jehovah gave, the name of fifteen or more persons that are mentioned in Scripture. The chief of these are,

1. A Levite descended from Gershom (Judges 18:30). His history is recorded in 17:7-13 and 18:30. The Rabbins changed this name into Manasseh "to screen the memory of the great lawgiver from the stain of having so unworthy an apostate among his near descendants." He became priest of the idol image at Dan, and this office continued in his family till the Captivity.

2. The eldest son of king Saul, and the bosom friend of David. He is first mentioned when he was about thirty years of age, some time after his father's accession to the throne (1 Samuel 13:2). Like his father, he was a man of great strength and activity (2 Samuel 1:23), and excelled in archery and slinging (1 Chronicles 12:2;2 Samuel 1:22). The affection that evidently subsisted between him and his father was interrupted by the growth of Saul's insanity. At length, "in fierce anger," he left his father's presence and cast in his lot with the cause of David (1 Samuel 20:34). After an eventful career, interwoven to a great extent with that of David, he fell, along with his father and his two brothers, on the fatal field of Gilboa (1 Samuel 31:2, 8). He was first buried at Jabesh-gilead, but his remains were afterwards removed with those of his father to Zelah, in Benjamin (2 Samuel 21:12-14). His death was the occasion of David's famous elegy of "the Song of the Bow" (2 Samuel 1:17-27). He left one son five years old, Merib-baal, or Mephibosheth (2 Samuel 4:4; comp. 1 Chronicles 8:34).

3. Son of the high priest Abiathar, and one who adhered to David at the time of Absalom's rebellion (2 Samuel 15:27, 36). He is the last descendant of Eli of whom there is any record.

4. Son of Shammah, and David's nephew, and also one of his chief warriors (2 Samuel 21:21). He slew a giant in Gath.


Hitchcock's Names Dictionary
Jonathan

given of God


Naves Topical Index
Jonathan

1. A Levite of Bethlehem, who becomes a priest for Micah; accepts idolatry; joins the Danites
Judges 17:7-13; Jude 18:1-30

2. Son of Saul:

General references
1 Samuel 14:49

Victory of:

Over the Philistine garrison of Geba
1 Samuel 13:3-4; 1 Samuel 13:16


Over Philistines at Michmash
1 Samuel 14:1-18


Under Saul's curse pronounced against any who might take food before he was avenged of his enemies
1 Samuel 14:24-30; 1 Samuel 14:43

Rescued by the people
1 Samuel 14:43-45

Love of, for David
1 Samuel 18:1-4; 1 Samuel 19:1-7; 1 Samuel 9:20; 1 Samuel 23:16-18

Killed in battle with Philistines
1 Samuel 31:2; 1 Samuel 31:6; 1 Chronicles 10:2; 2 Samuel 21:12-14

Buried by inhabitants of Jabesh-Gilead
1 Samuel 31:11-13

Mourned by David
2 Samuel 1:12; 2 Samuel 1:17-27

Son of, cared for by David
2 Samuel 4:4; 2 Samuel 9:1-13; 1 Chronicles 8:34

3. Son of Abiathar:

General references
2 Samuel 15:27

Acts as spy for David
2 Samuel 15:27-28; 2 Samuel 17:17-22

Informs Adonijah of Solomon's succession to David
1 Kings 1:42-48

4. Nephew of David, slays a giant, and becomes one of David's chief warriors
2 Samuel 21:21; 1 Chronicles 20:7

5. One of David's heroes
2 Samuel 23:32; 1 Chronicles 11:34

6. A son of Jada
1 Chronicles 2:32-33

7. Secretary of the cabinet of David
1 Chronicles 27:32

8. Father of Ebed
Ezra 8:6

9. Son of Asahel
Ezra 10:15

10. Called Johanan, a descendant of Jeshua
Nehemiah 12:11; Nehemiah 12:22

11. Name of two priests
Nehemiah 12:14; Nehemiah 12:35

12. A scribe
Jeremiah 37:15; Jeremiah 37:20; Jeremiah 38:26

13. Son of Kareah
Jeremiah 40:8


Smith's Bible Dictionary
Jonathan

that is, "the gift of Jehovah, " the eldest son of King Saul. (B.C. about 1095-1056.) He was a man of great strength and activity. (2 Samuel 1:23) He was also famous as a warrior, (1 Chronicles 12:2) as is shown by the courage he showing in attacking the garrison of the Philistines, in company with is armor-bearer only, slaying twenty men and putting an army to flight. (1 Samuel 14:6-16) During the pursuit, Jonathan, who had not heard of the rash curse, ch. (1 Samuel 14:24) which Saul invoked on any one who ate before the evening, tasted the honey which lay on the ground. Saul would have sacrificed him; but the people interposed in behalf of the hero of that great day, and Jonathan was saved. ch. (1 Samuel 14:24-45) The chief interest of Jonathan's career is derived from the friendship with David, which began on the day of David's return from the victory over the champion of Gath, and continued till his death. Their last meeting was in and forest of Ziph, during Saul's pursuit of David. (1 Samuel 23:16-18) From this time forth we hear no more till the battle of Gilboa. In that battle he fell. (1 Samuel 31:2,8) (B.C. 1056.) his ashes were buried first at Jabesh-gilead, ch. (1 Samuel 31:13) but were afterward removed with those of his father to Zelah in Benjamin. (2 Samuel 21:12) The news of his death occasioned the celebrated elegy of David. He left a son, Mephibosheth. [MEPHIBOSHETH]

  1. A nephew of David. (2 Samuel 21:21; 1 Chronicles 20:7) He engaged in single combat with and slew a gigantic Philistine of Gath. (2 Samuel 21:21) (B.C. 1018.)
  2. The son of Abiathar, the high priest, is the last descendant of Eli of whom we hear anything. (2 Samuel 15:36; 17:15-21; 1 Kings 1:42,43) (B.C. 1023.)
  3. One of David's heroes. (2 Samuel 23:32; 1 Chronicles 11:34)
  4. The son or descendant of Gershom the son of Moses. (Judges 18:30) [MICAH] (B.C. about 1425.)
  5. One of the Bene-Adin. (Ezra 8:6)
  6. A priest, the son of Asahel, in the time of Ezra. (Ezra 10:15) (B.C. 459.)
  7. A priest of the family of Melieu. (Nehemiah 12:14)
  8. One of the sons of Kareah, and brother of Johanan. (Jeremiah 40:8) (B.C. 587.)
  9. Son of Joiada, and his successor in the high priesthood. (Nehemiah 12:11,22,23) (B.C. before 332.)
  10. Father of Zechariah, a priest who blew the trumpet at the dedication of the wall. (Nehemiah 12:35)
  11. 1 Esdr. 8.32. [No. 6] (B.C. 446.)