- Included in Eastons: Yes
- Included in Hitchcocks: No
- Included in Naves: No
- Included in Smiths: Yes
- Included in Websters: Yes
- Included in Strongs: Yes
- Included in Thayers: No
- Included in BDB: Yes
- H7651 Used 2 times
This number occurs frequently in Scripture, and in such connections as lead to the supposition that it has some typical meaning. On the seventh day God rested, and hallowed it (Genesis 2:2, 3). The division of time into weeks of seven days each accounts for many instances of the occurrence of this number. This number has been called the symbol of perfection, and also the symbol of rest. "Jacob's seven years' service to Laban; Pharaoh's seven fat oxen and seven lean ones; the seven branches of the golden candlestick; the seven trumpets and the seven priests who sounded them; the seven days' siege of Jericho; the seven churches, seven spirits, seven stars, seven seals, seven vials, and many others, sufficiently prove the importance of this sacred number" (see Leviticus 25:4; 1 Samuel 2:5; Psalms 12:6; 79:12; Proverbs 26:16; Isaiah 4:1; Matthew 18:21, 22; Luke 17:4). The feast of Passover (Exodus 12:15, 16), the feast of Weeks (Deuteronomy 16:9), of Tabernacles (13:15), and the Jubilee (Leviticus 25:8), were all ordered by seven. Seven is the number of sacrifice (2 Chronicles 29:21; Job 42:8), of purification and consecration (Leviticus 42:6, 17; 8:11, 33; 14:9, 51), of forgiveness (Matthew 18:21, 22; Luke 17:4), of reward (Deuteronomy 28:7; 1 Samuel 2:5), and of punishment (Leviticus 26:21, 24, 28; Deuteronomy 28:25). It is used for any round number in such passages as Job 5:19; Proverbs 26:16, 25; Isaiah 4:1; Matthew 12:45. It is used also to mean "abundantly" (Genesis 4:15, 24; Leviticus 26:24; Psalms 79:12).
Interesting facts concerning the number.
Mourning for Jacob lasted
Mourning of Job lasted
The plague of bloody waters in Egypt lasted
The Israelites compassed Jericho
The Passover lasted
The elders of Jabesh-Gilead ask for a truce of
1 Samuel 11:3
Dedication of the temple lasted double
1 Kings 8:65
Ezekiel sits by the river Chebar in astonishment
The firstborn of flocks and sheep shall remain with mother, before being offered
The feast of Ahasuerus continued
Paul tarries at Tyre
Paul tarries at Puteoli
In Daniel's vision concerning the coming of the Messiah
The period between the Passover and the Pentecost
Insanity of Nebuchadnezzar
Seven times, the period between the jubilees
Miscellany of sevens:
Of clean beasts taken into the ark
Abraham gives Abimelech seven lambs
Oil sprinkling seven times
Seven kine and seven ears of corn in Pharaoh's vision
The Israelites compassed Jericho seven times, on the seventh day sounding seven trumpets
Elisha's servant looked seven times for appearance of rain
1 Kings 18:43
Naaman required to wash in Jordan seven times
2 Kings 5:10
The heat of Nebuchadnezzar's furnace intensified sevenfold
The light of the sun intensified sevenfold
The threatened sevenfold punishment of Israel
Silver purified seven times
Worshiping seven times a day
Seven chamberlains at the court of Ahasuerus
Seven princes at the court of Ahasuerus
Seven counsellors at the court of Artaxerxes
Seven maidens given to Esther
Symbolic of liberality
Seven women shall seek polygamous marriage
Seven shepherds to be sent forth against Assyria
Seven lamps and pipes
Seven deacons in the apostolic church
Seven golden candlesticks
Seven angels with seven trumpets
Seven horns and seven eyes
Seven angels with seven plagues
Seven golden vials
The frequent recurrence of certain numbers in the sacred literature of the Hebrews is obvious to the most superficial reader, but seven so far surpasses the rest, both in the frequency with which it recurs and in the importance of the objects with which it is associated, that it may fairly be termed the representative symbolic number. The influence of the number seven was not restricted to the Hebrews; it prevailed among the Persians, ancient Indians, Greeks and Romans. The peculiarity of the Hebrew view consists in the special dignity of the seventh, and not simply in that of seen. The Sabbath being the seventh day suggested the adoption of seven as the coefficient, so to say, for their appointment of all sacred periods; and we thus find the 7th month ushered in by the Feast of Trumpets, and signalized by the celebration of the Feast of Tabernacles and the Great Day of Atonement; 7 weeks as the interval between the Passover and the Pentecost; the 7th year as the sabbatical year; and the year: succeeding 7X7 years as the Jubilee year. Seven days were appointed as the length of the feasts of Passover and Tabernacles; 7 days for the ceremonies of the consecration of priests, and so on; 7 victims to be offered on any special occasion, as in Balaam's sacrifice. (Numbers 23:1) and especially at the ratification of a treaty, the notion of seven being embodied in the very term signifying to swear, literally meaning to do seven times. (Genesis 31:28) Seven is used for any round number, or for completeness, as we say a dozen, or as a speaker says he will say two or three words.
SEVEN, adjective sev'n [L. septem.] Four and three; one more than six or less than eight. Seven days constitute a week. We read in Scripture of seven years of plenty, and seven years of famine, seven trumpets, seven seals, seven vials, etc.
SEV'ENFOLD, adjective [seven and fold.] Repeated seven times; doubled seven times; increased to seven times the size or amount; as the sevenfold shield of Ajax; sevenfold rage.
SEV'ENFOLD, adverb Seven times as much or often.
Whoever slayeth Cain, vengence shall be taken on him sevenfold. Genesis 4:15.
SEV'ENNIGHT, noun [seven and night.] A week; the period of seven days and nights; or the time from one day of the week to the next day of the same denomination preceding or following. Our ancestors numbered the diurnal rebolutions of the earth by nights, as they reckoned the annual revolutions by winters. Sevennight is now contracted into sennight, which see.
SEV'ENSCORE, noun [seven and score, twenty notches or marks.] Seven times twenty, that is, a hundred and forty.
The old countess of Desmond, who lived sevenscore years, dentized twice or thrice. Bacon.
SEV'ENTEEN, adjective [seven-ten.] Seven and ten.
SEV'ENTEENTH, adjective [from seventeen.] The ordinal of seventeen; the seventh after the tenth.
On the seventeenth day of the second month- all the fountains of the great deep were broken up. Genesis 7:11.
1. The ordinal of seven; the first after the sixth.
On the seventh day God ended his work which he had made, and he rested on the seventh day from all the work which he had made. Genesis 2:2.
2. Containing or being one part in seven; as the seventh part.
1. The seventh part; one part in seven.
2. In music, a dissonat interval or heptachord. An interval consisting of four tones and two major semitones, is called a seventh minor. An interval composed of five tones and a major semitone, is called a seventh major.
SEV'ENTHLY, adverb In the seventh place.
SEV'ENTIETH, adjective [from seventy.] The ordinal of seventy; as a man in the seventieth year of his age. The seventieth year begins immediately after the close of the sixth-ninth.
Seventy disciples sent forth by Jesus
The Jews in captivity in Babylon seventy years
Seventy weeks in the vision of Daniel
SEV'ENTY, adjective [Gr. ten.] Seven times ten.
That he would accomplish seventy years in the desolations of Jerusalem.
SEV'ENTY, noun The Septuagint or seventy translators of the Old Testament into the Greek language.
A prophetic period mentioned in Daniel 9:24, and usually interpreted on the "year-day" theory, i.e., reckoning each day for a year. This period will thus represent 490 years. This is regarded as the period which would elapse till the time of the coming of the Messiah, dating "from the going forth of the commandment to restore and rebuild Jerusalem" i.e., from the close of the Captivity.