The Bible

Bible Usage:


  • Included in Eastons: Yes
  • Included in Hitchcocks: Yes
  • Included in Naves: Yes
  • Included in Smiths: Yes
  • Included in Websters: No
  • Included in Strongs: Yes
  • Included in Thayers: No
  • Included in BDB: Yes

Strongs Concordance:


Easton's Bible Dictionary


1. One of David's body-guard (1 Chronicles 11:43).

2. One of the priests who accompanied the removal of the ark to Jerusalem (1 Chronicles 15:24).

3. Son of Ahilud, "recorder" or annalist under David and Solomon (2 Samuel 8:16), a state officer of high rank, chancellor or vizier of the kingdom.

4. Solomon's purveyor in Issachar (1 Kings 4:17).

5. The son and successor of Asa, king of Judah. After fortifying his kingdom against Israel (2 Chronicles 17:1, 2), he set himself to cleanse the land of idolatry (1 Kings 22:43). In the third year of his reign he sent out priests and Levites over the land to instruct the people in the law (2 Chronicles 17:7-9). He enjoyed a great measure of peace and prosperity, the blessing of God resting on the people "in their basket and their store."

The great mistake of his reign was his entering into an alliance with Ahab, the king of Israel, which involved him in much disgrace, and brought disaster on his kingdom (1 Kings 22:1-33). Escaping from the bloody battle of Ramoth-gilead, the prophet Jehu (2 Chronicles 19:1-3) reproached him for the course he had been pursuing, whereupon he entered with rigour on his former course of opposition to all idolatry, and of deepening interest in the worship of God and in the righteous government of the people (2 Chronicles 19:4-11).

Again he entered into an alliance with Ahaziah, the king of Israel, for the purpose of carrying on maritime commerce with Ophir. But the fleet that was then equipped at Ezion-gaber was speedily wrecked. A new fleet was fitted out without the co-operation of the king of Israel, and although it was successful, the trade was not prosecuted (2 Chronicles 20:35-37; 1 Kings 22:48-49).

He subsequently joined Jehoram, king of Israel, in a war against the Moabites, who were under tribute to Israel. This war was successful. The Moabites were subdued; but the dreadful act of Mesha in offering his own son a sacrifice on the walls of Kir-haresheth in the sight of the armies of Israel filled him with horror, and he withdrew and returned to his own land (2 Kings 3:4-27).

The last most notable event of his reign was that recorded in 2 Chronicles 20. The Moabites formed a great and powerful confederacy with the surrounding nations, and came against Jehoshaphat. The allied forces were encamped at Engedi. The king and his people were filled with alarm, and betook themselves to God in prayer. The king prayed in the court of the temple, "O our God, wilt thou not judge them? for we have no might against this great company that cometh against us." Amid the silence that followed, the voice of Jahaziel the Levite was heard announcing that on the morrow all this great host would be overthrown. So it was, for they quarrelled among themselves, and slew one another, leaving to the people of Judah only to gather the rich spoils of the slain. This was recognized as a great deliverance wrought for them by God (B.C. 890). Soon after this Jehoshaphat died, after a reign of twenty-five years, being sixty years of age, and was succeeded by his son Jehoram (1 Kings 22:50). He had this testimony, that "he sought the Lord with all his heart" (2 Chronicles 22:9). The kingdom of Judah was never more prosperous than under his reign.

6. The son of Nimshi, and father of Jehu, king of Israel (2 Kings 9:2, 14).

Hitchcock's Names Dictionary

the Lord is judge

Naves Topical Index

1. David's recorder
2 Samuel 8:16; 2 Samuel 20:24; 1 Kings 4:3; 1 Chronicles 18:15

2. One of Solomon's commissariat officers
1 Kings 4:17

3. King of Judah

Succeeds Asa
1 Kings 15:24; 1 Kings 22:41; 1 Chronicles 3:10; 2 Chronicles 17:1; Matthew 1:8

Strengthens himself against Israel
2 Chronicles 17:2

Inaugurates a system of public instruction in the law
2 Chronicles 17:7-9

His wise reign
1 Kings 22:43; 2 Chronicles 17:7-9; 2 Chronicles 19:3-11

His system of tribute
2 Chronicles 17:11

His military forces and armament
2 Chronicles 17:12-19

Joins Ahab in an invasion of Ramoth-Gilead
2 Chronicles 11:22; 2 Chronicles 14:18

Rebuked by the prophet Jehu
2 Chronicles 19:2

The allied forces of the Amorites, Moabites, and other tribes invade his territory, and are defeated by
2 Chronicles 14:20

Builds ships for commerce with Tarshish, ships are destroyed
1 Kings 22:48-49; 2 Chronicles 20:35-37

Joins Jehoram, king of Israel, in an invasion of the land of Moab, defeats the Moabites
2 Chronicles 12:3

Makes valuable gifts to the temple
2 Kings 12:18

Death of
1 Kings 22:50; 2 Chronicles 21:1

Religious zeal of
1 Kings 22:43; 1 Kings 22:46; 2 Chronicles 17:1-9; 2 Chronicles 19:1-11; 2 Chronicles 20:1-32; 2 Chronicles 22:9

Prosperity of
1 Kings 22:45; 1 Kings 22:48; 1 Kings 14:17

Bequests of, to his children
2 Chronicles 21:2-3

4. Father of Jehu
2 Kings 9:2; 2 Kings 9:14

5. A priest who assisted in bringing the ark from Obed-Edom
1 Chronicles 15:24

6. A valley, called Valley of Decision
Joel 3:2; Joel 3:12; Joel 3:14

Smith's Bible Dictionary

(whom Jehovah judges.)

  1. King of Judah, son of Asa, succeeded to the throne B.C. 914, when he was 35 years old, and reigned 25 years. His history is to be found among the events recorded in (1 Kings 15:24; 2 Kings 8:16) or in a continuous narrative in (2 Chronicles 17:1; 2 Chronicles 21:3) He was contemporary with Ahab, Ahaziah and Jehoram. He was one of the best, most pious and prosperous kings of Judah, the greatest since Solomon. At first he strengthened himself against Isr'l; but soon afterward the two Hebrew kings formed an alliance. In his own kingdom Jehoshaphat ever showed himself a zealous follower of the commandments of God: he tried to put down the high places and groves in which the people of Judah burnt incense, and sent the wisest Levites through the cities and towns to instruct the people in true morality and religion. Riches and honors increased around him. He received tribute from the Philistines and Arabians, and kept up a large standing army in Jerusalem. It was probably about the 16th year of his reign, B.C. 898, when he became Ahab's ally in the great battle of Ramoth-gilead, for which he was severely reproved by Jehu. (2 Chronicles 19:2) He built at Ezion-geber, with the help of Ahaziah, a navy designed to go to Tarshish; but it was wrecked at Ezion-geber. Before the close of his reign he was engaged in two additional wars. He was miraculously delivered from a threatened attack of the people of Ammon, Moab and Seir. After this, perhaps, must be dated the war which Jehoshaphat, in conjunction with Jehoram king of Isr'l and the king of Edom, carried on against the rebellious king of Moab. (2 Kings 3:1) ... In his declining years the administration of affairs was placed, probably B.C. 891, in the hands of his son Jehoram.
  2. Son of Ahilud, who filled the office of recorder of annalist in the courts of David, (2 Samuel 8:16) etc., and Solomon. (1 Kings 4:3)
  3. One of the priests in David's time. (1 Chronicles 15:24)
  4. Son of Paruah; one of the twelve purveyors of King Solomon. (1 Kings 4:17)
  5. Son of Nimshi and father of King Jehu. (2 Kings 9:2,14)

Easton's Bible Dictionary
Jehoshaphat, Valley of

Mentioned in Scripture only in Joel 3:2, 12. This is the name given in modern times to the valley between Jerusalem and the Mount of Olives, and the Kidron flows through it. Here Jehoshaphat overthrew the confederated enemies of Israel (Psalms 83:6-8); and in this valley also God was to overthrow the Tyrians, Zidonians, etc. (Joel 3:4, 19), with an utter overthrow. This has been fulfilled; but Joel speaks of the final conflict, when God would destroy all Jerusalem's enemies, of whom Tyre and Zidon, etc., were types. The "valley of Jehoshaphat" may therefore be simply regarded as a general term for the theatre of God's final judgments on the enemies of Israel.

This valley has from ancient times been used by the Jews as a burial-ground. It is all over paved with flat stones as tombstones, bearing on them Hebrew inscriptions.

Smith's Bible Dictionary
Jehoshaphat, Valley of

(valley of the judgment of Jehovah), a valley mentioned by Joel only, as the spot in which, after the return of Judah and Jerusalem from captivity, Jehovah would gather all the heathen, (Joel 3:2) and would there sit to judge them for their misdeeds to Isr'l. ch. (Joel 3:12) The scene of "Jehovah's judgment" as been localized, and the name has come down to us attached to that deep ravine which separates Jerusalem from the Mount of Olives, through which at one time the Kedron forced its stream. At what period the name "valley of Jehoshaphat" was first applied to this spot is unknown. It is not mentioned in the Bible or Josephus, but is first encountered in the middle of the fourth century. Both Moslems and Jews believe that the last judgment is to take place there. The steep sides of the ravine, wherever a level strip affords the opportunity, are crowded

in places almost paved

by the sepulchres of the Moslems, or the simpler slabs of the Jewish tombs, alike awaiting the assembly of the last judgment. The name is generally confined by travellers to the upper part of the glen. (Others suppose that the name is only an imaginary one, "the valley of the judgment of Jehovah" referring to some great victories of God's people in which judgment was executed upon the heathen; or perhaps, as Keil, etc., to the end of the world.