- Included in Eastons: Yes
- Included in Hitchcocks: No
- Included in Naves: Yes
- Included in Smiths: Yes
- Included in Websters: Yes
- Included in Strongs: Yes
- Included in Thayers: Yes
- Included in BDB: Yes
- H3323 Used 22 times
- H4480 Used 9 times
- H4887 Used 2 times
- H6671 Used 1 time
- H8081 Used 156 times
- G1637 Used 11 times
Only olive oil seems to have been used among the Hebrews. It was used for many purposes- for anointing the body or the hair (Exodus 29:7; 2 Samuel 14:2; Psalms 23:5; 92:10; 104:15; Luke 7:46); in some of the offerings (Exodus 29:40; Leviticus 7:12; Numbers 6:15; 15:4), but was excluded from the sin-offering (Leviticus 5:11) and the jealousy-offering (Numbers 5:15); for burning in lamps (Exodus 25:6; 27:20; Matthew 25:3); for medicinal purposes (Isaiah 1:6; Luke 10:34; James 5:14); and for anointing the dead (Matthew 26:12; Luke 23:56).
Punishment for profaning
Used for idols
For domestic use
Tribute paid in
2 Kings 4:1-7
Of the numerous substances, animal and vegetable, which were known to the ancients as yielding oil, the olive berry is the one of which most frequent mention is made in the Scriptures.
- Gathering ,
The olive berry was either gathered by hand or shaken off carefully with a light reed or stick.
- Pressing .
In order to make oil the fruit, was either bruised in a mortar crushed in a press loaded with wood or stones, ground in a mill, or trodden with the feet. The "beaten" oil of (Exodus 27:20; 29:40; Leviticus 24:2; Numbers 28:6) was probably made by bruising in a mortar, It was used
(1) As food. Dried wheat, boiled with either butter or oil, but generally the former, is a common dish for all classes in Syria. (Exodus 29:2)
(2) Cosmetic. Oil was used by the Jews for anointing the body, e.g. after the bath, and giving to the skin and hair a smooth and comely appearance, e.g. before an entertainment.
(3) Funereal. The bodies of the dead were anointed with oil. (2 Samuel 14:2)
(4) Medicinal. Isaiah alludes to the use of oil in medical treatment. (Isaiah 1:6) see also Mark 6:13; James 5:14
(5) For light. The oil for "the light" was expressly ordered to be olive oil, beaten. (Matthew 25:3)
(6) Ritual. Oil was poured on or mixed with the flour or meal used in offerings. (Leviticus 8:12) Kings, priests and prophets were anointed with oil or ointment.
(7) In offerings. As so important a necessary of life, the Jew was required to include oil among his firstfruit offerings. (Exodus 22:29; 23:16; Numbers 18:12) Tithes of oil were also required. (12:17) [OLIVE]
OIL, noun It seems to be named from its inflammability, for aelan, is to kindle, and to oil; hence anaelan, to anneal; aeled, fire. Latin oleum; Gr.]
An unctuous substance expressed or drawn from several animal and vegetable substances. The distinctive characters of oil are inflammability, fluidity, and insolubility in water. Oils are fixed or fat, and volatile or essential. They have a smooth feel, and most of them have little taste or smell. Animal oil is found in all animal substances. Vegetable oils are produced by expression, infusion or distillation.
OIL, verb transitive To smear or rub over with oil; to lubricate with oil; to anoint with oil
OIL'-BAG, noun A bag, cyst or gland in animals containing oil
OIL'-COLOR, noun A color made by grinding a coloring substance in oil