The Bible

Bible Usage:

  • Ruth used 13 times.


  • Included in Eastons: Yes
  • Included in Hitchcocks: Yes
  • Included in Naves: Yes
  • Included in Smiths: Yes
  • Included in Websters: Yes
  • Included in Strongs: Yes
  • Included in Thayers: Yes
  • Included in BDB: Yes

Strongs Concordance:


Easton's Bible Dictionary

A friend, a Moabitess, the wife of Mahlon, whose father, Elimelech, had settled in the land of Moab. On the death of Elimelech and Mahlon, Naomi came with Ruth, her daughter-in-law, who refused to leave her, to Bethlehem, the old home from which Elimelech had migrated. There she had a rich relative, Boaz, to whom Ruth was eventually married. She became the mother of Obed, the grandfather of David. Thus Ruth, a Gentile, is among the maternal progenitors of our Lord (Matthew 1:5). The story of "the gleaner Ruth illustrates the friendly relations between the good Boaz and his reapers, the Jewish land system, the method of transferring property from one person to another, the working of the Mosaic law for the relief of distressed and ruined families; but, above all, handing down the unselfishness, the brave love, the unshaken trustfulness of her who, though not of the chosen race, was, like the Canaanitess Tamar (Genesis 38:29; Matthew 1:3) and the Canaanitess Rahab (Matthew 1:5), privileged to become the ancestress of David, and so of great David's greater Son'" (Ruth 4:18-22).

Hitchcock's Names Dictionary

drunk; satisfied

Naves Topical Index

The daughter-in-law of Naomi
Ruth 1:4

Her devotion to Naomi
Ruth 1:6-18

Goes to Bethlehem
Ruth 1:19; Ruth 1:22

Gleaned in the field of Boaz
Ruth 2:3

Receives kindness from Boaz
Ruth 2:4-17; Ruth 3:15

Under Naomi's instructions claims from Boaz the duty of a kinsman
Ruth 3:1-9

Marries Boaz
Ruth 4:9-13

Becomes an ancestor of Jesus
Ruth 4:13; Ruth 4:21-22

Smith's Bible Dictionary

(a female friend) a Moabitish woman, the wife, first of Mahlon, second of Boaz, the ancestress of David and Christ,and one of the four women who are named by St. Matthew in the genealogy of Christ. A severe famine in the land of Judah induced Elimelech, a native of Bethlehem

ephratah, to emigrate into the land of Moab, with his wife Naomi, and his two sons, Mahlon and Chilion. This was probably about the time of Gideon, B.C. 1250. At the end of ten years Naomi now left a widow and childless, having heard that there was plenty again in Judah, resolved to return to Bethlehem, and her daughter-in-law Ruth returned with her. They arrived at Bethlehem just at the beginning of barley harvest, and Ruth, going out to glean, chanced to go into the field of wheat, a wealthy man and a near kinsman of her father-in-law, Elimelech. Upon learning who the stranger was, Boaz treated her with the utmost kindness and respect, and sent her home laden with corn which she had gleaned. Encouraged by this incident, Naomi instructed Ruth to claim at the hand of Boaz that he should perform the part of her husband's near kinsman, by purchasing the inheritance of Elimelech and taking her to be his wife. With all due solemnity, Boaz took Ruth to be his wife, amidst the blessings and congratulations of their neighbors. Their son, Obed, was 'the father of Jesse, who was the father of David.

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

RUTH, noun [from rue.]

1. Mercy; pity; tenderness; sorrow for the misery of another obsolete

2. Misery; sorrow. obsolete

Smith's Bible Dictionary
Ruth, Book of

contains the history of Ruth, as narrated in the preceding article. The main object of the writer is evidently to give an account of David's ancestors; and the book was avowedly composed long after the time of the heroine. See (Ruth 1:1; 4:7,17) Its date and author are quite uncertain. Tradition is in favor of Samuel. It is probable that the books of Judges, Ruth, Samuel and Kings originally formed but one work. The book of Ruth clearly forms part of the books of Samuel, supplying as it does the essential point of David's genealogy and early family history, and is no less clearly connected with the book of Judges by its opening verse and the epoch to which the whole book relates.

Easton's Bible Dictionary
Ruth, the Book of

Was originally a part of the Book of Judges, but it now forms one of the twenty-four separate books of the Hebrew Bible.

The history it contains refers to a period perhaps about one hundred and twenty-six years before the birth of David. It gives (1) an account of Naomi's going to Moab with her husband, Elimelech, and of her subsequent return to Bethlehem with her daughter-in-law; (2) the marriage of Boaz and Ruth; and (3) the birth of Obed, of whom David sprang.

The author of this book was probably Samuel, according to Jewish tradition.

"Brief as this book is, and simple as is its story, it is remarkably rich in examples of faith, patience, industry, and kindness, nor less so in indications of the care which God takes of those who put their trust in him."

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

RUTHENUS, noun A fish of the genus Accipenser.

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

RUTHFUL, adjective

1. Rueful; woeful; sorrowful. obsolete

2. Merciful. obsolete

Webster's 1828 Dictionary


1. Woefully; sadly. obsolete

2. Sorrowfully; mournfully. obsolete

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

RUTHLESS, adjective Cruel; pitiless; barbarous; insensible to the miseries of others.

Their rage the hostile bands restrain, all but the ruthless monarch of the main.

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

RUTHLESSLY, adverb Without pity; cruelly; barbarously.

Webster's 1828 Dictionary

RUTHLESSNESS, noun Want of compassion; insensibility to the distresses of others.