- First Reference: Exodus 30:36
- Last Reference: Acts 22:19
- Included in Eastons: No
- Included in Hitchcocks: No
- Included in Naves: No
- Included in Smiths: No
- Included in Websters: Yes
- Included in Strongs: Yes
- Included in Thayers: Yes
- Included in BDB: Yes
- H1743 Used 1 time
- H1849 Used 1 time
- H3807 Used 3 times
- H5221 Used 4 times
- H7554 Used 1 time
- H7833 Used 2 times
- G1194 Used 5 times
- G1911 Used 1 time
- G4463 Used 1 time
- G5180 Used 2 times
BEAT, verb transitive preterit tense beat; participle passive beat beaten. [Latin batuo. See Abate.]
1. To strike repeatedly; to lay on repeated blows, with a stick, with the hand or fist, or with any instrument, and for any cause, just or unjust, or for punishment. Luke 12:45. Deuteronomy 25:3.
2. To strike an instrument of music; to play on, as a drum.
3. To break, bruise, comminute, or pulverize by beating or pounding, as pepper or spices. Exodus 30:36.
4. To extend by beating, as gold or other malleable substance; or to hammer into any form; to forge. Exodus 39:3.
5. To strike bushes, to shake by beating, or to make a noise to rouse game.
6. To thresh; to force out corn from the husk by blows.
7. To break, mix or agitate by beating; as, to beat an egg with any other thing.
8. To dash or strike, as water; to strike or brush, as wind.
9. To tread, as a path.
10. To overcome in a battle, contest or strife; to vanquish or conquer; as, one beats another at play.
Phrrhus beat the Carthaginians at sea.
11. To harass; to exercise severely; to overlabor; as, to beat the brains about logic.
To beat down, to break, destroy, throw down, by beating or battering, as a wall.
Also, to press down or lay flat, as by treading, by a current of water, by violent wind, etc.
Also, to lower the price by importunity or argument.
Also, to depress or crush; as, to bet down opposition.
Also, to sink or lessen the price or value.
Usury beats down the price of land.
To beat back, to compel to retire or return.
To beat into, to teach or instill, by repetition of instruction.
To beat up, to attack suddenly; to alarm or disturb; as, to beat up an enemy's quarters.
To beat the wing, to flutter; to move with fluttering agitation.
To beat off, to repel or drive back.
To beat the hoof, to walk; to go on foot.
To beat time, to measure or regulate time in music by the motion of the hand or foot.
In the manerge, a horse beats the dust, when at each motion he does not take in ground enough with his fore legs; and at curvets, when he does them too precipitately, or too low. He beats upon a walk, when he walks too short.
To beat out, to extend by hammering. In popular use, to be beat out, is to be extremely fatigued; to have the strength exhausted by labor or exertion.
BEAT, verb intransitive To more with pulsation, as the pulse beats; or to throb, as the heart beats.
1. To dash with force, as a storm, flood, passion, etc.; as, the tempest beats against the house.
2. To knock at a door. Judges 19:22.
3. To fluctuate; to be in agitation.
To beat about, to try to find; to search by various means or ways.
To beat upon, to act upon with violence.
Also, to speak frequently; to enforce by repetition.
To beat up for soldiers, is to go about to enlist men into the army.
In seamanship, to beat is to make progress against the direction of the wind, by sailing in a zigzag line or traverse.
With hunters, a stag beats up and down, when he runs first one way and then another.
BEAT, noun A stroke; a striking; a blow, whether with the hand, or with a weapon.
1. A pulsation; as the beat of the pulse.
2. The rise or fall of the hand or foot, in regulating the divisions of time in music.
3. A transient grace-note in music, struck immediately before the note it is intended to ornament.
In the military art, the beat of drum, is a succession of strokes varied, in different ways, for particular purposes; as to regulate a march to call soldiers to their arms or quarters, to direct an attack or retreat, etc.
The beat of a watch or clock, is the stroke made by the fangs or pallets of the spindle of the balance, or of the pads in a royal pendulum.
BE'ATEN, participle passive Struck; dashed against; pressed or laid down; hammered; pounded; vanquished; make smooth by treading; worn by use; tracked.
In Numbers 8:4, means "turned" or rounded work in gold. The Greek Version, however, renders the word "solid gold;" the Revised Version, "beaten work of gold." In 1 Kings 10:16, 17, it probably means "mixed" gold, as the word ought to be rendered, i.e., not pure gold. Others render the word in these places "thin plates of gold."
(Exodus 27:20; 29:40), obtained by pounding olives in a mortar, not by crushing them in a mill. It was reckoned the best. (See OLIVE.)
Exodus 25:18; Exodus 30:36; Exodus 37:17; Exodus 37:22; Numbers 8:4
BE'ATER, noun One who beats, or strikes; one whose occupation is to hammer metals.
1. An instrument for pounding, or comminuting substances.
BE'ATER-UP, noun One who beats for game; a sportsman's term.
BEATH, verb transitive To bathe. [Not in use.]
BEATIF'ICAL, adjective [Latin beatus, blessed, from beo, to bless, and facio, to make. See Beatify.]
That has the power to bless or make happy, or the power to complete blissful enjoyment; used only of heavenly fruition after death; as beatific vision.
BEATIF'ICALLY, adverb In such a manner as to complete happiness.
BEATIFICA'TION, noun In the Romish church, an act of the Pope by which he declares a person beatifies or blessed after death. This is the first step towards canonization, or the raising of one to the dignity of a saint. No person can be beatified till 50 years after his death. All certificates or attestations of his virtues and miracles are examined by the congregation of rites, and this examination continues often for years; after which his Holiness decrees the beatification and the corpse and relics of the intended saint are exposed to the veneration of all good christians.
BEAT'IFY, verb transitive [Latin beatus, happy, from beo, to bless, and facio, to make.]
1. To make happy; to bless with the completion of celestial enjoyment.
2. In the Romish church, to declare, by a decree or public act, that a person is received into heaven, and is to be reverenced as blessed, though not canonized.
As a punishment
Exodus 5:14; Deuteronomy 25:3; Mark 13:9; Acts 5:40; Acts 16:22; Acts 16:37; Acts 18:17; Acts 21:32; Acts 22:19
Assault and Battery; Punishment
BE'ATING, participle present tense Laying on blows; striking; dashing against; conquering; pounding; sailing against the direction of the wind; etc.
BE'ATING,noun The act of striking or giving blows; punishment or chastisement by blows.
The beating of flax and hemp is an operation which renders them more soft and pliable. For this purpose, they are made into rolls and laid in a trough, where they are beat, till no roughness or hardness can be felt.
In book binding, beating is performed by laying the book in quires or sheets folded, on a block, and beating it with a heavy broad-faced hammer. On this operation the elegance of the binding and the easy opening of the book chiefly depend.
Beating the wind, was a practice in the ancient trial by combat. If one of the combatants did not appear on the field, the other was to beat the wind, by making flourishes with his weapons; by which he was entitled to the advantages of a conqueror.
Beatings, in music, the regular pulsative swellings of sound, produced in an organ by pipes of the same key, when not in unison, and their vibrations not simultaneous or coincident.
BEAT'ITUDE, noun [Latin beatitudo, from beatus, beo. See Beatify.]
1. Blessedness; felicity of the highest kind; consummate bliss; used of the joys of heaven.
2. The declaration of blessedness made by our Savior to particular virtues.