- First Reference: Genesis 3:6
- Last Reference: Revelation 22:21
- Included in Eastons: No
- Included in Hitchcocks: No
- Included in Naves: No
- Included in Smiths: No
- Included in Websters: Yes
- Included in Strongs: Yes
- Included in Thayers: Yes
- Included in BDB: Yes
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WITH, preposition [G.]
1. By, noting cause, instrument or means. We are distressed with pain; we are elevated with joy. with study men become learned and respectable. Fire is extinguished with water.
2. On the side of, noting friendship or favor.
Fear not, for I am with thee. Genesis 26:3.
3. In opposition to; in competition or contest; as, to struggle with adversity. The champions fought with each other an hour. He will lie with any man living.
4. Noting comparison. The fact you mention compares well with another I have witnessed.
5. In company. The gentlemen traveled with me from Boston to Philadelphia.
6. In the society of. There is no living with such neighbors.
7. In connection, or in appendage. He gave me the Bible, and with it the warmest expressions of affection.
8. In mutual dealing or intercourse.
I will buy with you, sell with you--
9. Noting confidence. I will trust you with the secret.
10. In partnership. He shares the profits with the other partners. I will share with you the pleasures and the pains.
11. Noting connection.
Nor twist our fortunes with your sinking fate.
12. Immediately after.
WITH this he pointed to his face.
13. Among. I left the assembly with the last.
Tragedy was originally with the ancients a piece of religious worship.
Such arguments had invincible force with those pagan philosophers.
15. In consent, noting parity of state.
See! Where on earth the flowry glories lie, with her they flourishd, and with her thy die.
WITH and by are closely allied in many of their uses, and it is not easy to lay down a rule by which their uses may be distinguished. It is observed by Johnson that with seems rather to denote an instrument, and by a cause; as, he killed an enemy with a sword, but he died by an arrow. But this rule is not always observed.
WITH, in composition, signifies for the most part opposition, privation; or separation, departure.
WITHAL, adverb Withaul. [with and all.]
1. With the rest; together with; likewise; at the same time.
If you choose that, then I am yours withal
How modest in exception, and withal how terrible in constant resolution!
2. It is sometimes used for with. But the word is not elegant, nor much used.
WITHDRAW, verb transitive [with and draw.]
1. To take back; to take from.
It is impossible that God should withdraw his presence from any thing.
We say, to withdraw capital from a bank or stock in trade, to withdraw aid or assistance.
2. To recall; to cause to retire or leave; to call back or away. France has withdrawn her troops from Spain.
WITHDRAW, verb intransitive To retire; to retreat; to quit a company or place. We withdrew from the company at ten oclock.
She from her husband soft withdrew.
WITHDRAWING, participle present tense Taking back; recalling; retiring.
WITHDRAWING-ROOM, noun A room behind another room for retirement; a drawing room.
WITHDRAWMENT, noun The act of withdrawing or taking back; a recalling.
Their withdrawment from the British and Foreign Bible Society, would tend to paralyze their exertions.
WITHDRAWN, participle passive of withdraw. Recalled; taken back.
WITH, WITHE noun [Latin , probably a shoot.]
1. A willow twig.
2. A band consisting of a twig, or twigs twisted.
WITHER, verb intransitive
1. To fade; to lose its native freshness; to become sapless; to dry.
It shall wither in all the leaves of her spring. Ezekiel 17:9.
2. To waste; to pine away; as animal bodies; as a withered hand. Matthew 12:10.
3. To lose or want animal moisture.
Now warm in love, now withring in the grave.
WITHER, verb transitive
1. To cause to fade and become dry; as, the sun withereth the grass. James 1:11.
2. To cause to shrink, wrinkle and decay, for want of animal moisture.
Age cannot wither her.
WITHER-BAND, noun [withers and band.] A piece of iron laid under a saddle near a horses withers, to strengthen the bow.
WITHERED, participle passive Faded; dried; shrunk.
WITHEREDNESS, noun The state of being withered.
WITHERING, participle present tense Fading; becoming dry.
WITHERITE, noun In mineralogy, a carbonate of baryte, first discovered by Dr. Withering; rhomboidal baryte. It is white, gray, or yellow.
WITHERNAM, noun In withernam in law, a second or reciprocal distress, in lieu of a first distress which has been eloigned; reprisal.
WITHERS, noun [This seems to signify a joining, from the root of with.] The juncture of the shoulder bones of a horse, at the bottom of the neck.
WITHER-WRUNG, adjective Injured or hurt in the withers, as a horse.
WITHHELD, preterit tense and participle passive of withhold.
WITHHOLD, verb transitive preterit tense and participle passive withheld. [with and hold.]
1. TO hold back; to restrain; to keep from action.
WITHHOLD--your hasty hand.
If our passions may be withheld.
2. To retain; to keep back; not to grant; as, to withhold assent to a proposition. The sun does not withhold his light.
WITHHOLDEN, participle passive The old participle of withhold; now obsolete. We use withheld.
WITHHOLDER, noun One that withholds.
WITHHOLDING, participle present tense Holding back; restraining; retaining; not granting.
1. In the inner part; as the space within the walls of a house; a man contented and happy within himself.
2. In the limits or compass of; not beyond; used of place and time. The object is within my sight; within the knowledge of the present generation; within a month or a year.
3. Not reaching to any thing external.
Were every action concluded within itself--
4. In the compass of; not longer ago than.
WITHIN these five hours Hastings livd untainted.
5. Not later than; as, within five days from this time, it will be fair weather.
6. In the reach of.
Both he and she are still within my powr.
7. Not exceeding. Keep your expenses within your income.
8. In the heart or confidence of. [Inelegant.]
9. In the house; in any inclosure.
1. In the inner part; inwardly; internally.
The wound festers within
2. In the mind.
Ills from within thy reason must prevent.
WITHINSIDE, adverb [within and side.] In the inner parts. [Bad.]
1. Not with; as without success.
2. In a state of destitution or absence from.
There is no living with thee nor without thee.
3. In a state of destitution or absence from.
There is no living with thee nor without thee.
4. Beyond; not within.
Eternity, before the world and after, is without our reach.
5. Supposing the negation or omission of.
WITHOUT the separation of the two monarchies, the most advantageous terms from the French must end in our destruction.
6. Independent of; not by the use of. Men like to live without labor.
Wise men will do it without a law.
7. On the outside of; as without the gate; without doors.
8. With exemption from. That event cannot happen without great damage to our interests.
9. Unless; except.
WITHOUT, when it precedes a sentence or member of a sentence, has been called a conjunction. This is a mistake. You will not enjoy health, without you use much exercise. In this sentence, without is a preposition still, but followed by a member of a sentence, instead of a single noun. It has no property of a connective or conjunction, and does not fall within the definition. You will not enjoy health, this fact following being removed, or not taking place; you use exercise. This use of without is nearly superseded by unless and except, among good writers and speakers; but is common in popular discourse or parlance.
1. Not on the inside; not within.
These were from without the growing miseries.
2. Out of doors.
3. Externally; not in the mind.
WITHOUT were fightings, within were fears. 2 Corinthians 7:5.
WITHOUTEN, for withoutan, the Saxon word, is obsolete.
WITHSTAND, verb transitive [with and stand. See Stand.] To oppose; to resist, either with physical or moral force; as, to withstand the attack of troops; to withstand eloquence or arguments.
When Peter was come to Antioch, I withstood him to his face. Galatians 2:1.
WITHSTANDER, noun One that opposes; an opponent; a resisting power.
WITHSTANDING, participle present tense Opposing; making resistance.
WITH-VINE, WITH-WINE, noun A local name for the couch-grass.
WITHWIND, noun A plant. [Latin]
WITH-VINE, WITH-WINE noun A local name for the couch-grass.
WITHY, noun A large species of willow.