- Archi used once.
- Bible Reference: Joshua 16:2
- Included in Eastons: Yes
- Included in Hitchcocks: No
- Included in Naves: Yes
- Included in Smiths: Yes
- Included in Websters: No
- Included in Strongs: Yes
- Included in Thayers: No
- Included in BDB: Yes
- H757 Used 1 time
A city on the boundary of Ephraim and Benjamin (Joshua 16:2), between Bethel and Beth-horon the nether.
A city of Ephraim.
(Joshua 16:2) A place in the neighborhood of Bethel, on the boundary between Ephraim and Benjamin. It designates a clan perhaps originally from Erech in Babylonia, of which Hushai was one. [ARCHITE, THE]
ARCH'IATER, noun [Gr. chief, and physician.] Chief physician; a word used in Russia.
ARCH'ICAL, adjective Chief; primary.
ARCHIDIAC'ONAL, adjective [See Deacon.]
Pertaining to an archdeacon; as an archidiaconal visitation.
ARCHIEPIS'COPAL, adjective [See Episcopal.]
Belonging to an archbishop; as, Canterbury is an archiepiscopal see.
'ARCHIL, noun A lichen, which grows on rocks, in the Canary and Cape de Verd isles, which yields a rich purple color, not durable, but very beautiful. It is bruised between stones, and moistened with strong spirit of urine mixed with quick lime. It first takes a purplish red color, and then turns to blue. In the first state it is called archil; and in the second, lacmas or litmase, litmus.
ARCHILO'CHIAN, adjective Pertaining to Archilochus, the poet, who invented a verse of seven feet, the first four dactyls or spondees, the last three, trochees.
A large lute, a theorbo, the base-strings of which are doubled with an octave, and the higher strings with a unison.
'ARCHIMAGUS, noun [See Magician.] The high priest of the Persian Magi, or worshipers of fire.
ARCHIMAND'RITE, noun [from mandrite, a Syriac word for monk.]
In church history, a chief of the mandrites or monks, answering to abbot in Europe.
'ARCHING, participle present tense Forming an arch; covering with an arch.
'ARCHING, adjective Curving like an arch.
ARCHIPEL'AGO, noun [Authors are not agreed as to the origin of this word. Some suppose it to be compounded of Gr. chief, and sea; others of the Egean sea.]
In a general sense, a sea interspersed with many isles; but particularly the sea which separates Europe from Asia, otherwise called the Egean Sea. It contains the Grecian isles, called Cyclades and Sporades.
a master of horses
(master of the horse), a Christian teacher in Coloss', (Colossians 4:17) called by St. Paul his "fellow soldier," Phil 2. He was probably a member of Philemon's family. (A.D. 62.)
The usual designation of Hushai (2 Samuel 15:32; 17:5, 14; 1 Chronicles 27:33), who was a native of Archi. He was "the king's friend", i.e., he held office under David similar to that of our modern privy councillor.
'ARCHITECT, noun [Gr. chief, and a workman. See Technical.]
1. A person skilled in the art of building; one who understands architecture, or makes it his occupation to form plans and designs of buildings, and superintend the artificers employed.
2. A contriver; a former or maker.
ARCHITECT'IVE, adjective Used in building; proper for building.
ARCHITECTON'IC, adjective That has power or skill to build.
ARCHITECTON'ICS, noun The science of architecture.
ARCHITECT'RESS, noun A female architect.
ARCHITECT'URAL, adjective Pertaining to the art of building; that is according to the rules of architecture.
The book of (Genesis 4:17,20,22) appears to divide mankind into two great characteristic sections, viz., the "dwellers in tents" and the "dwellers in cities." To the race of Shem is attributed (Genesis 10:11,12,22; 11:2-9) the foundation of those cities in the plain of Shinar, Babylon Nineveh and others. The Isr'lites were by occupation shepherds, and by habit dwellers in tents. (Genesis 47:3) They had therefore originally, speaking properly, no architecture. From the time of the occupation of Canaan they became dwellers in towns and in houses of stone. (Leviticus 14:34,45; 1 Kings 7:10) The peaceful reign and vast wealth of Solomon gave great impulse to architecture; for besides the temple and his other great works, he built fortresses and cities in various places, among which Baalath and Tadmor are in all probability represented by Baalbec and Palmyra. But the reigns of Herod and his successors were especially remarkable for their great architectural works. Not only was the temple restored, but the fortifications and other public buildings of Jerusalem were enlarged and embellished. (Luke 21:5) The town of C'sarea was built on the site of Strato's Tower; Samaria was enlarged, and received the name of Sebaste. Of the original splendor of these great works no doubt can be entertained; but of their style and appearance we can only conjecture that they were formed on Greek and Roman models. The enormous stones employed the Assyrian Persepolitan and Egyptian buildings find a parallel in the substructions of Baalbec and in the huge blocks which still remain at Jerusalem, relics of the buildings either of Solomon or of Herod.
'ARCHITECTURE, noun [Latin architectura.]
1. The art of building; but in a more limited and appropriate sense, the art of constructing houses, bridges and other buildings for the purposes of civil life.
2. Frame or structure.
The earth is a piece of divine architecture
Military architecture is the art of fortification.
Naval architecture is the art of building ships.
'ARCHITRAVE, noun [Gr. chief, and Latin trabs, a beam.]
In architecture, the lower division of an entablature, or that part which rests immediately on the column. It probably represents the beam which, in ancient buildings, extended from column to column, to support the roof.
In chimneys, the architrave is called the mantle piece; and over doors and windows, the hyperthyrion.
'ARCHIVAL, adjective [See Archives.] Pertaining to archives or records; contained in records.
'ARCHIVAULT, noun [arch, chief, and vault.]
In building, the inner contour of an arch, or a band adorned with moldings, running over the faces of the arch-stones, and bearing upon the imposts. It has only a single face in the Tuscan order; two faces crowned in the Doric and Ionic, and the same moldings, as the architrave, in the Corinthian and Composite.
'ARCHIVES, noun plural [Gr.; Low Latin archivum.]
The apartment in which records are kept; also the records and papers which are preserved, as evidences of facts.
'ARCHIVIST, noun The keeper of archives or records.