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Zedekiah

The Bible

Bible Usage:

Dictionaries:

  • Included in Eastons: Yes
  • Included in Hitchcocks: Yes
  • Included in Naves: Yes
  • Included in Smiths: Yes
  • Included in Websters: No
  • Included in Strongs: Yes
  • Included in Thayers: No
  • Included in BDB: Yes

Strongs Concordance:

 

Easton's Bible Dictionary
Zedekiah

Righteousness of Jehovah.

1. The last king of Judah. He was the third son of Josiah, and his mother's name was Hamutal, the daughter of Jeremiah of Libnah, and hence he was the brother of Jehoahaz (2 Kings 23:31; 24:17, 18). His original name was Mattaniah; but when Nebuchadnezzar placed him on the throne as the successor to Jehoiachin he changed his name to Zedekiah. The prophet Jeremiah was his counsellor, yet "he did evil in the sight of the Lord" (2 Kings 24:19, 20; Jeremiah 52:2, 3). He ascended the throne at the age of twenty-one years. The kingdom was at that time tributary to Nebuchadnezzar; but, despite the strong remonstrances of Jeremiah and others, as well as the example of Jehoiachin, he threw off the yoke of Babylon, and entered into an alliance with Hophra, king of Egypt. This brought up Nebuchadnezzar, "with all his host" (2 Kings 25:1), against Jerusalem. During this siege, which lasted about eighteen months, "every worst woe befell the devoted city, which drank the cup of God's fury to the dregs" (2 Kings 25:3; Lamentations 4:4, 5, 10). The city was plundered and laid in ruins. Zedekiah and his followers, attempting to escape, were made captive and taken to Riblah. There, after seeing his own children put to death, his own eyes were put out, and, being loaded with chains, he was carried captive (B.C. 588) to Babylon (2 Kings 25:1-7; 2 Chronicles 36:12; Jeremiah 32:4, 5; 34:2, 3; 39:1-7; 52:4-11; Ezekiel 12:12), where he remained a prisoner, how long is unknown, to the day of his death.

After the fall of Jerusalem, Nebuzaraddan was sent to carry out its complete destruction. The city was razed to the ground. Only a small number of vinedressers and husbandmen were permitted to remain in the land (Jeremiah 52:16). Gedaliah, with a Chaldean guard stationed at Mizpah, ruled over Judah (2 Kings 25:22, 24; Jeremiah 40:1, 2, 5, 6).

2. The son of Chenaanah, a false prophet in the days of Ahab (1 Kings 22:11, 24; 2 Chronicles 18:10, 23).

3. The son of Hananiah, a prince of Judah in the days of Jehoiakim (Jeremiah 36:12).


Hitchcock's Names Dictionary
Zedekiah

the Lord is my justice; the justice of the Lord


Naves Topical Index
Zedekiah

1. King of Judah:

Made king of Judah by Nebuchadnezzar
2 Kings 24:17-18; 1 Chronicles 3:15; 2 Chronicles 36:10; Jeremiah 37:1

Throws off his allegiance to Nebuchadnezzar
2 Kings 24:20; 2 Chronicles 36:13; Jeremiah 52:3; Ezekiel 17:12-21

Forms an alliance with the king of Egypt
Ezekiel 17:11-18

The allegiance denounced:

By Jeremiah
2 Chronicles 36:12; Jeremiah 21:1-14; Jeremiah 24:8-10; Jeremiah 27:12-22; Jeremiah 32:3-5; Jeremiah 24:34; Jeremiah 37:7-10; Jeremiah 37:17; Jeremiah 38:14-28


By Ezekiel
Ezekiel 12:10-16; Ezekiel 17:12-21


Imprisons Jeremiah on account of his denunciations
Jeremiah 32:2-3; Jeremiah 37:15-21; Jeremiah 38:5-28

Seeks the intercession of Jeremiah with God in his behalf
Jeremiah 21:1-3; Jeremiah 37:3; Jeremiah 38:14-27

Wicked reign of
2 Kings 24:19-20; 2 Chronicles 36:12-13; Jeremiah 37:2; Jeremiah 38:5; Jeremiah 38:19; Jeremiah 38:24-26; Jeremiah 52:2

Nebuchadnezzar destroys the city and temple, takes him captive to Babylon, blinds his eyes, slays his sons
2 Kings 25:1-10; 2 Chronicles 36:17-20; Jeremiah 1:3; Jeremiah 32:1-2; Jeremiah 39:1-10; Jeremiah 51:59; Jeremiah 52:4-30

2. Grandson of Jehoiakim
1 Chronicles 3:16

3. A false prophet
Jeremiah 29:21-23

4. A prince of Judah
Jeremiah 36:12

5. A false prophet:

Prophesies to Ahab victory over the Syrians, instead of defeat
1 Kings 22:11; 2 Chronicles 18:10

Smites Micaiah, the true prophet
1 Kings 22:24; 2 Chronicles 18:23


Smith's Bible Dictionary
Zedekiah

(justice of Jehovah).

  1. The last king of Judah and Jerusalem. He was the son of Josiah by his wife Hamutal, and therefore own brother to Jehoahaz. (2 Kings 24:18) comp. 2 Kings 23:31 His original name was Mattaniah, which was changed to Zedekiah by Nebuchadnezzar when he carried off his nephew Jehoiachim to Babylon and left him on the throne of Jerusalem. Zedekiah was but twenty-one years old when he was thus placed in charge of an impoverished kingdom, B.C. 597. His history is contained in a short sketch .of the events of his reign given in (2 Kings 24:17; 2 Kings 25:7) and, with some trifling variations in (Jeremiah 39:1-7; 62:1-11) together with the still shorter summary in (1 Chronicles 38:10) etc.; and also in Jeremiah 21,24,27,28,29,32,34,37,38 and (Ezekiel 16:11-21) From these it is evident that Zedekiah was a man not so much bad at heart as weak in will. It is evident from Jeremiah 27 and 28 that the earlier portion of Zedekiah's reign was marked by an agitation throughout the whole of Syria against the Babylonian yoke. Jerusalem seems to have taken the lead, since in the fourth year of Zedekiah's reign we find ambassadors from all the neighboring kingdoms

    Tyre, Sidon, Edom and Moab

    at his court to consult as to the steps to be taken. The first act of rebellion of which any record survives was the formation of an alliance with Egypt, of itself equivalent to a declaration of enmity with Babylon. As a natural consequence it brought on Jerusalem an immediate invasion of the Chald'ans. The mention of this event in the Bible though indisputable, is extremely slight, and occurs only in (Jeremiah 37:5-11; 34:21) and Ezekiel 17:15-20 But Josephus (x.7,3) relates it more fully, and gives the date of its occurrence, namely, the eighth year of Zedekiah. (B.C. 589.) Nebuchadnezzar at once sent an army to ravage Judea. This was done, and the whole country reduced, except Jerusalem and two strong places in the western plain, Lachish and Azekah, which still held out. (Jeremiah 34:7) Called away for a time by an attack from Pharaoh and the Egyptians, on the tenth day of the tenth month of Zedekiah's ninth year the Chaldeans were again before the walls. (Jeremiah 52:4) From this time forward the siege progressed slowly but surely to its consummation, The city was indeed reduced to the last extremity. The bread had for long been consumed, (Jeremiah 38:9) and all the terrible expedients had been tried to which the wretched inhabitants of a besieged town are forced to resort in such cases. At last, after sixteen dreadful months the catastrophe arrived. It was on the ninth day of the fourth month, about the middle of July at midnight, as Josephus with careful minuteness informs us, that the breach in those strong and venerable walls was effected. The moon, nine days old, had gone down. The wretched remnants of the army acquitted the city in the dead of night; and as the Chald'an army entered the city at one end, the king and his wives fled from it by the opposite gate. They took the road toward the Jordan. As soon as the dawn of day permitted it, swift pursuit was made. The king's party were overtaken near Jericho and carried to Nebuchadnezzar, who was then at Riblah, at the upper end of the valley of Lebanon. Nebuchadnezzar, with a refinement of barbarity characteristic of those cruel times ordered the sons of Zedekiah to be killed before him, and lastly his own eyes to be thrust out. He was then loaded with brazen fetters, and at a later period taken to Babylon, where he died.

  2. Son of Chenaanah, a false prophet at the court of Ahab, head, or, if not head, virtual leader, of the college. (B.C. 896.) He appears but once viz. as spokesman when the prophets are consulted by Ahab on the result of his proposed expedition to Ramoth-gilead. 1 Kings 22; 2 Chronicles 18. Zedekiah had prepared himself for the interview with a pair of iron horns, with which he illustrated the manner in which Ahab should drive the Syrians before him. When Micaiah the prophet of the Lord appeared and had delivered his prophecy, Zedekiah sprang forward and struck him a blow on the face, accompanying it by a taunting sneer.
  3. The son of Maaseiah, a false prophet in Babylon. (Jeremiah 29:21,22) He was denounced in the letter of Jeremiah for having, with Ahab the son of Kolaiah, buoyed up the people with false hopes, not for profane and flagitious conduct. Their names were to become a by-word, tend their terrible fate a warning. (B.C. 595.)
  4. The son of Hananiah, one of the princes of Judah in the time of Jeremiah. (Jeremiah 38:12) (B.C. 605.)