- Included in Eastons: No
- Included in Hitchcocks: No
- Included in Naves: Yes
- Included in Smiths: No
- Included in Websters: Yes
- Included in Strongs: Yes
- Included in Thayers: Yes
- Included in BDB: Yes
- H228 Used 1 time
- H2527 Used 9 times
- H2534 Used 1 time
- H2552 Used 2 times
- H2721 Used 4 times
- H2750 Used 1 time
- H3808 Used 1 time
- H4480 Used 3 times
- H7565 Used 1 time
- H8273 Used 1 time
- G2329 Used 1 time
- G2738 Used 2 times
- G2741 Used 2 times
- G2742 Used 3 times
HEAT, noun [Latin aestus, for haestus, or caestus.]
1. heat as a cause of sensation, that is, the matter of heat is considered to be a subtil fluid, contained in a greater or less degree in all bodies. In modern chimistry, it is called caloric. It expands all bodies in different proportions, and is the cause of fluidity and evaporation. A certain degree of it is also essential to animal and vegetable life. heat is latent, when so combined with other matter as not to be perceptible. It is sensible, when it is evolved and perceptible.
2. heat as a sensation, is the effect produced on the sentient organs of animals, by the passage of caloric, disengaged from surrounding bodies, to the organs. When we touch or approach a hot body, the caloric or heat passes from that body to our organs of feeling, and gives the sensation of heat On the contrary, when we touch a cold body, the caloric passes from the hand to that body, and causes a sensation of cold.
Note. This theory of heat seems not to be fully settled.
3. Hot air; hot weather; as the heat of the tropical climates.
4. Any accumulation or concentration of the matter of heat or caloric; as the heat of the body; the heat of a furnace; a red heat; a white heat; a welding heat
5. The state of being once heated or hot.
Give the iron another heat
6. A violent action unintermitted; a single effort.
Many causes are required for refreshment between the heats.
7. A single effort in running; a course at a race. Hector won at the first heat
8. Redness of the face; flush.
9. Animal excitement; violent action or agitation of the system. The body is all in a heat
10. Utmost violence; rage; vehemence; as the heat of battle.
11. Violence; ardor; as the heat of party.
12. Agitation of mind; inflammation or excitement; exasperation; as the heat of passion.
13. Ardor; fervency; animation in thought or discourse.
With all the strength and heat of eloquence.
HEAT, verb transitive [Latin odi, osus, for hodi, hosus; L aestus, for haestus, heat tide; Gr. to burn, and the English haste and hoist are probably of the same family.]
1. To make hot; to communicate heat to, or cause to be hot; as, to heat an oven or a furnace; to heat iron.
2. To make feverish; as, to heat the blood.
3. To warm with passion or desire; to excite; to rouse into action.
A noble emulation heats your breast.
4. To agitate the blood and spirits with action; to excite animal action.
HEAT, verb intransitive To grow warm or hot by fermentation, or extrication of latent heat
Green hay heats in a mow, and green corn in a bin.
1. To grow warm or hot. The iron or the water heats slowly.
HEAT, for heated, is in popular use and pronounced het; but it is not elegant.
HE'ATED, participle passive Made hot; inflamed; exasperated.
HE'ATER,noun He or that which eats.
1. A triangular mass of iron, which is heated and put into a box-iron to heat it and keep it hot, for ironing or smoothing clothes. [This utensil is going into disuse.]
Heb. arar, (Jeremiah 17:6; 48:6), a species of juniper called by the Arabs by the same name (arar), the Juniperus sabina or savin. "Its gloomy, stunted appearance, with its scale-like leaves pressed close to its gnarled stem, and cropped close by the wild goats, as it clings to the rocks about Petra, gives great force to the contrast suggested by the prophet, between him that trusteth in man, naked and destitute, and the man that trusteth in the Lord, flourishing as a tree planted by the waters" (Tristram, Natural History of the Bible).
(Jeremiah 17:6) was some species of juniper, probably the savin, a dwarf, stunted juniper which grows in the most sterile parts of the desert.
1. A plant of the genus Erica, of many species. It is a shrub which is used in Great Britain for brooms, thatch, beds for the poor, and for heating ovens. Its leaves are small and continue green all the year. It is called also ling.
2. A place overgrown with heath
3. A place overgrown with shrubs of any kind.
HE'ATHCOCK, noun A large fowl which frequents heaths, a species of grouse.
(Heb. plural goyum). At first the word goyim denoted generally all the nations of the world (Genesis 18:18; comp. Galatians 3:8). The Jews afterwards became a people distinguished in a marked manner from the other goyim. They were a separate people (Leviticus 20:23; 26:14-45; Deuteronomy 28), and the other nations, the Amorites, Hittites, etc., were the goyim, the heathen, with whom the Jews were forbidden to be associated in any way (Joshua 23:7; 1 Kings 11:2). The practice of idolatry was the characteristic of these nations, and hence the word came to designate idolaters (Psalms 106:47; Jeremiah 46:28; Lamentations 1:3; Isaiah 36:18), the wicked (Psalms 9:5, 15, 17).
The corresponding Greek word in the New Testament, ethne, has similar shades of meaning. In Acts 22:21, Galatians 3:14, it denotes the people of the earth generally; and in Matthew 6:7, an idolater. In modern usage the word denotes all nations that are strangers to revealed religion.
All who are not embraced under the Abrahamic covenant.
Excluded from the temple
Wicked practices of
Divine revelations given to:
Pious people among
Nebuchadnezzar, after his restoration
HE'ATHEN, noun [Gr. from heath, that is, one who lives in the country or woods, as pagan from pagus, a village.]
1. A pagan; a Gentile; one who worships idols, or is unacquainted with the true God. In the Scriptures, the word seems to comprehend all nations except the Jews or Israelites, as they were all strangers to the true religion, and all addicted to idolatry. The word may now be applied perhaps to all nations, except to Christians and Mohammedans.
Heathen, without the plural termination, is used plurally or collectively, for Gentiles or heathen nations.
Ask of me, and I will give thee the heathen for thine inheritance. Psalms 2:8.
Heathen, however, has a plural, expressing two or more individuals.
If men have reason to be heathens in Japan--
The precepts and examples of the ancient heathens.
2. A rude, illiterate, barbarous person.
HE'ATHEN, adjective Gentile, pagan; as a heathen author.
HE'ATHENISH, adjective Belonging to Gentiles or pagans; as heathenish rites.
1. Rude; illiterate; wild; uncivilized.
2. Barbarous; savage; cruel; rapacious.
HE'ATHENISHLY, adverb After the manner of heathens.
HE'ATHENISM, noun Gentilism; paganism; ignorance of the true God; idolatry; the rites or system of religion of a pagan nation.
1. Rudeness; barbarism; ignorance.
HE'ATHENIZE, verb transitive To render heathen or heathenish.
HE'ATHER, noun Heath.
HEATH'FUL, adjective helth'ful. Being in a sound state, as a living or organized being; having the parts or organs entire, and their functions in a free, active and undisturbed operation; free from disease. We speak of a healthful body, a healthful person, a healthful plant.
1. Serving to promote health; wholesome; salubrious; as a healthful air or climate; a healthful diet.
2. Indicating health or soundness; as a healthful condition.
3. Salutary; promoting spiritual health.
4. Well disposed; favorable.
A healthful ear to hear. [Unusual.]
HE'ATHPEA, , noun A species of bitter vetch, Orobus.
HE'ATHPOUT, noun A bird, the same as the heath-cock.
HE'ATHROSE, noun A plant.
HE'ATHY, adjective [from heath.] Full of heath; abounding with heath; as heathy land.
HE'ATING, participle present tense Making warm or hot; inflaming; rousing the passions; exasperating.
1. Tending to impart heat to; promoting warmth or heat; exciting action; stimulating; as heating medicines or applications.
HEAT'LESS, adjective Destitute of heat; cold.