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Shewbread

The Bible

Bible Usage:

Dictionaries:

  • Included in Eastons: Yes
  • Included in Hitchcocks: No
  • Included in Naves: Yes
  • Included in Smiths: Yes
  • Included in Websters: No
  • Included in Strongs: Yes
  • Included in Thayers: Yes
  • Included in BDB: Yes

Strongs Concordance:

Easton's Bible Dictionary
Shewbread

Exodus 25:30 (R.V. marg., "presence bread"); 1 Chronicles 9:32 (marg., "bread of ordering"); Numbers 4:7: called "hallowed bread" (R.V., "holy bread") in 1 Samuel 21:1-6.

This bread consisted of twelve loaves made of the finest flour. They were flat and thin, and were placed in two rows of six each on a table in the holy place before the Lord. They were renewed every Sabbath (Leviticus 24:5-9), and those that were removed to give place to the new ones were to be eaten by the priests only in the holy place (see 1 Samuel 21:3-6; comp. Matthew 12:3, 4).

The number of the loaves represented the twelve tribes of Israel, and also the entire spiritual Israel, "the true Israel;" and the placing of them on the table symbolized the entire consecration of Israel to the Lord, and their acceptance of God as their God. The table for the bread was made of acacia wood, 3 feet long, 18 inches broad, and 2 feet 3 inches high. It was plated with pure gold. Two staves, plated with gold, passed through golden rings, were used for carrying it.


Naves Topical Index
Shewbread

General references
Hebrews 9:2

Called Hallowed Bread
1 Samuel 21:6

Ordinance concerning
Leviticus 24:5-9

Required to be kept before the Lord continually
Exodus 25:30; 2 Chronicles 2:4

Provided by a yearly per capita tax
Nehemiah 10:32-33

Prepared by the Levites
1 Chronicles 9:32; 1 Chronicles 23:29

Unlawfully eaten by David
1 Samuel 21:6; Matthew 12:3-4; Mark 2:25-26; Luke 6:3-4

Placed on the table of shewbread
Exodus 40:22-23

Table of:

General references
Hebrews 9:2

Ordinances concerning
Exodus 25:23-28; Exodus 37:10-15

Its situation in the tabernacle
Exodus 26:35; Exodus 40:22

Furniture of
Exodus 25:29-30; Exodus 37:16; Numbers 4:7

Consecration of
Exodus 30:26-27; Exodus 30:29

How removed
Numbers 4:7; Numbers 4:15

For the temple
1 Kings 7:48; 1 Kings 7:50; 2 Chronicles 4:19; 2 Chronicles 4:22


Smith's Bible Dictionary
Shewbread

(Exodus 25:30; 35:13; 39:36) etc. literally "bread of the face" or "faces." Shew-bread was unleavened bread placed upon a table which stood in the sanctuary together with the seven-branched candlestick and the altar of incense. See (Exodus 25:23-30) for description of this table. Every Sabbath twelve newly baked loaves, representing the twelve tribes of Isr'l, were put on it in two rows, six in each, and sprinkled with incense, where they remained till the following Sabbath. Then they were replaced by twelve new ones, the incense was burned, and they were eaten by the priests in the holy place, out of which they might not be removed, The title "bread of the face" seems to indicate that bread through which God is seen, that is, with the participation of which the seeing of God is bound up, or through the participation of which man attains the sight of God whence it follows that we have not to think of bread merely as such as the means of nourishing the bodily life, but as spiritual food as a means of appropriating and retaining that life which consists In seeing the face of God.