- Elam used 28 times.
- First Reference: Genesis 10:22
- Last Reference: Daniel 8:2
- Included in Eastons: Yes
- Included in Hitchcocks: Yes
- Included in Naves: Yes
- Included in Smiths: Yes
- Included in Websters: No
- Included in Strongs: Yes
- Included in Thayers: No
- Included in BDB: Yes
Highland, the son of Shem (Genesis 10:22), and the name of the country inhabited by his descendants (14:1, 9; Isaiah 11:11; 21:2, etc.) lying to the east of Babylonia, and extending to the shore of the Mediterranean, a distance in a direct line of about 1,000 miles. The name Elam is an Assyrian word meaning "high."
"The inhabitants of Elam, or the Highlands,' to the east of Babylon, were called Elamites. They were divided into several branches, speaking different dialects of the same agglutinative language. The race to which they belonged was brachycephalic, or short-headed, like the pre-Semitic Sumerians of Babylonia.
"The earliest Elamite kingdom seems to have been that of Anzan, the exact site of which is uncertain; but in the time of Abraham, Shushan or Susa appears to have already become the capital of the country. Babylonia was frequently invaded by the Elamite kings, who at times asserted their supremacy over it (as in the case of Chedorlaomer, the Kudur-Lagamar, or servant of the goddess Lagamar,' of the cuneiform texts).
"The later Assyrian monarchs made several campaigns against Elam, and finally Assur-bani-pal (about B.C. 650) succeeded in conquering the country, which was ravaged with fire and sword. On the fall of the Assyrian Empire, Elam passed into the hands of the Persians" (A.H. Sayce).
This country was called by the Greeks Cissia or Susiana.
a young man; a virgin; a secret
1. A district southeast of Babylon, on Persian Gulf
Genesis 14:1; Genesis 14:9; Daniel 8:2
Isaiah 11:11; Isaiah 21:2; Isaiah 22:6; Jeremiah 25:25; Jeremiah 49:34-39; Ezekiel 32:24
2. A Korhite Levite
1 Chronicles 26:3
3. A Benjamite chief
1 Chronicles 8:24
4. Designated as the other Elam
Ezra 2:31; Nehemiah 7:34
5. A Jewish captive, whose descendants, to the number of twelve hundred and fifty-four, returned from Babylon
Ezra 2:7; Ezra 8:7; Nehemiah 7:12
6. A Levite musician
7. One of the Israelitish chiefs with Nehemiah
- This seems to have been originally the name of a man, the son of Shem. (Genesis 10:22; 1 Chronicles 1:17) Commonly, however, it is used as the appellation of a country. (Genesis 14:1,9; Isaiah 11:11; 21:2) The Elam of Scripture appears to be the province lying south of Assyria and east of Persia proper, to which Herodotus gives the name of Cissia (iii. 91, v. 49, etc.), and which is termed Susis or Susiana by the geographers. Its capital was Susa. This country was originally people by descendants of Shem. By the time of Abraham a very important power had been built up in the same region. It is plain that at this early time the predominant power in lower Mesopotamia was Elam, which for a while held the place possessed earlier by Babylon, (Genesis 10:10) and later by either Babylon or Assyria.
- A Korhite Levite in the time of King David. (1 Chronicles 26:3) (B.C. 1014.)
- A chief man of the tribe of Benjamin. (1 Chronicles 8:24)
- "Children of Elam," to the number of 1254, returned with Zerubbabel from Babylon. (Ezra 2:7; Nehemiah 7:12) 1Esd. 5.12. (B.C. 536 or before.) Elam occurs amongst the names of the chief of the people who signed the covenant with Nehemiah. (Nehemiah 10:14)
- In the same lists is a second Elam, whose sons, to the same number as in the former case, returned with Zerubbabel, (Ezra 2:31; Nehemiah 7:34) and which for the sake of distinction is called "the other Elam."
- One of the priests who accompanied Nehemiah at the dedication of the new wall of Jerusalem. (Nehemiah 12:42)
Descendants of Elam, whose name was given to the district of Elam
Present at Pentecost
This word is found only in (Ezra 4:9) The Elamites were the original inhabitants of the country called Elam; they were descendants of Shem, and perhaps drew their name from an actual man Elam. (Genesis 10:22)
ELAMP'ING, adjective [See Lamp.] Shining. [Not in use.]