- sun used 160 times.
- First Reference: Genesis 15:12
- Last Reference: Revelation 22:5
- Included in Eastons: Yes
- Included in Hitchcocks: No
- Included in Naves: Yes
- Included in Smiths: Yes
- Included in Websters: Yes
- Included in Strongs: Yes
- Included in Thayers: Yes
- Included in BDB: Yes
- H216 Used 1 time
- H2535 Used 5 times
- H2775 Used 3 times
- H4217 Used 1 time
- H8121 Used 119 times
- H8122 Used 1 time
- G2246 Used 30 times
(Heb. shemesh), first mentioned along with the moon as the two great luminaries of heaven (Genesis 1:14-18). By their motions and influence they were intended to mark and divide times and seasons. The worship of the sun was one of the oldest forms of false religion (Job 31:26, 27), and was common among the Egyptians and Chaldeans and other pagan nations. The Jews were warned against this form of idolatry (Deuteronomy 4:19; 17:3; comp. 2 Kings 23:11; Jeremiah 19:13).
Genesis 1:14-18; Psalms 74:16; Psalms 136:7; Jeremiah 31:35
Rising and setting of
Diurnal motion of
Psalms 19:4; Psalms 19:6
Worship of, forbidden
Deuteronomy 4:19; Deuteronomy 17:3
Job 31:26-28; Jeremiah 8:2; Ezekiel 6:4; Ezekiel 6:6; Ezekiel 8:16
Kings of Judah dedicate horses to
2 Kings 23:11
Exodus 10:21-23; Isaiah 5:30; Isaiah 24:23; Ezekiel 32:7; Joel 2:10; Joel 2:31; Joel 3:15; Amos 8:9; Micah 3:6; Matthew 24:29; Matthew 27:45; Mark 13:24; Mark 15:33; Luke 21:25; Luke 23:44-45; Acts 2:20; Revelation 6:12; Revelation 8:12; Revelation 9:2; Revelation 16:8
Joshua 10:12-13; Habakkuk 3:11
Shadow of, goes back on Ahaz's dial
2 Kings 20:11; Isaiah 38:8
Does not shine in heaven
Psalms 84:11; Malachi 4:2; Judges 5:31; Isaiah 30:26; Isaiah 60:19-20; Jeremiah 15:9; Revelation 1:16; Revelation 12:1; Revelation 19:17
In the history of "greater light," of the creation the sun is described as "greater light," in contradistinction to the moon, the "lesser light," in conjunction with which it was to serve "for signs and for seasons, and for days, and for years," while its special office was "to rule the day." (Genesis 1:14-16) The "signs" referred to were probably such extraordinary phenomena as eclipses, which were regarded as conveying premonitions of coming events. (Jeremiah 10:2; Matthew 24:29) with Luke 21:25 The joint influence assigned to the sun and moon in deciding the "seasons," both for agricultural operations and for religious festivals, and also in regulating the length and subdivisions of the years "correctly describes the combination of the lunar and solar year which prevailed at all events subsequent to the Mosaic period. Sunrise and sunset are the only defined points of time in the absence of artificial contrivances for telling the hour of the day. Between these two points the Jews recognized three periods, viz., when the sun became hot, about 9 A.M. (1 Samuel 11:9; Nehemiah 7:3) the double light, or noon. (Genesis 43:16; 2 Samuel 4:5) and "the cool of the day," shortly before sunset. (Genesis 3:8) The sun also served to fix the quarters of the hemisphere, east, west north and south, which were represented respectively by the rising sun, the setting sun, (Isaiah 45:6; Psalms 50:1) the dark quarter, (Genesis 13:14; Joel 2:20) and the brilliant quarter, (33:23; Job 37:17; Ezekiel 40:24) or otherwise by their position relative to a person facing the rising sun
before, behind, on the left hand and on the right hand. (Job 23:8,9) The worship of the sun, as the most prominent and powerful agent in the kingdom of nature, was widely diffused throughout the countries adjacent to Palestine. The Arabians appear to have paid direct worship to it without the intervention of any statue or symbol, (Job 31:26,27) and this simple style of worship was probably familiar to the ancestors of the Jews in Chald'a and Mesopotamia. The Hebrews must have been well acquainted with the idolatrous worship of the sun during the captivity in Egypt, both from the contiguity of On, the chief seat of the worship of the sun, as implied in the name itself (On being the equivalent of the Hebrew Bethshemesh, "house of the sun") (Jeremiah 43:13) and also from the connection between Joseph and Potipherah("he who belongs to Ela") the priest of On, (Genesis 41:45) After their removal to Canaan, the Hebrews came in contact with various forms of idolatry which originated in the worship of the sun; such as the Baal of the Phoenicians, the Molech or Milcom of the Ammonites, and the Hadad of the Syrians. The importance attached to the worship of the sun by the Jewish kings may be inferred from the fact that the horses sacred to the sun were stalled within the precincts of the temple. (2 Kings 23:11) In the metaphorical language of Scripture the sun is emblematic of the law of God, (Psalms 19:7) of the cheering presence of God, (Psalms 84:11) of the person of the Saviour, (John 1:9; Malachi 4:2) and of the glory and purity of heavenly beings. (Revelation 1:16; 10:1)
1. The splendid orb or luminary which, being in or near the center of our system of worlds, gives light and heat to all the planets. The light of the sun constitutes the day, and the darkness which proceeds form its absence, or the shade of the earth, constitutes the night. Psalms 136:8.
2. In popular usage, a sunny place; a place where the beams of the sun fall; as, to stand in the sun that is, to stand where the direct rays of the sun fall.
3. Any thing eminently splendid or luminous; that which is the chief source of light or honor. The natives of America complain that the sun of their glory is set.
I will never consent to put out the sun of sovereignty to posterity.
4. In Scripture, Christ is called the sun of righteousness, as the source of light, animation and comfort to his disciples.
5. The luminary or orb which constitutes the center of any system of worlds. The fixed stars are supposed to be suns in their respective systems.
Under the sun in the world; on earth; a proverbial expression.
There is no new thing under the sun Ecclesiastes 1:3.
SUN, verb transitive To expose to the sun's rays; to warm or dry in the light of the sun; to insolate; as, to sun cloth; to sun grain.
--Then to sun thyself in open air.